Part II:

Towards Respectful Collaboration

Introducing a new Player into Urban Development

 

 

"New forms of governance involve learning processes as well as unlearning processes". (Gina Giavarra, Coordinator Dutch Mother Center Network)

 

 

 

 

 

Chapter 2:

Answers to Changing Urban Environments

Chapter 2 analyses the basic structures of urban planning (organization, market, social structures and time) in their relevance to the idea of temporary settlements. Current challenges in urban development are defined and ways are described how the Nest! can contribute to solutions.

 

Innovations in the Housing Sector

The Vinex town extension program Schuytgraaf is an example of a settlement being developed by a public-private partnership that needs to find ways to bridge the sometimes contrasting intentions of public interest and market forces. The temporary settlement can offer ways of reducing this tension by widening the scope and bringing in new players and investors into the field.

At present government quality standards make it impossible to produce up to standard housing for low prices except for housing corporations who can do so only because of capital reserves due to previous governmental subsidies. This leads to a lack of housing opportunities for starters on the housing market and to overpricing of low quality housing. The temporary settlement is a way of opening up a new segment at the lower end of the housing market that can lead out of this bottleneck.

The change of policy in the area of construction and urban planning has led to housing corporations being required to develop a more business-like approach in their building organization. This can be complimented by a process that creates market compatible business opportunities for market forces in the "social sector".

New Opportunities for Investors

Stagnation both on the rental market as well as in the sale of ownership houses currently point to a need for new strategies and a change of direction that is better adapted to customer groups currently leading market demand: starters, single earners, older people interested in serviced housing. The Nest! is a possible scenario to access new markets and opens up new investment opportunities in market-segments that offer opportunities to get the housing sector going again. Like banks have discovered the economic saving power of the poor, the housing sector needs to discover the market of less expensive housing.

Creating spatial Profile and Identity

The temporary settlement can contribute to spatial identification and identity building. Buying a house is buying a home, is shaping a big part of ones life. The image and the social climate of the environment plays an important role in decisions on where to buy a house.

New neighborhoods are challenged by issues of uniformity and anonymity, which tend to make them less attractive living environments.The temporary settlement contributes to a higher attractivity of newly built settlements:

Temporality as an Asset

Temporary settlements are a contemporary answer to contemporary challenges in the built environment. There is a growing discrepancy in the world of architecture between the speed of change in use and the slower realization of the built environment, that has nevertheless to house the changed functions. Temporary settlements offer an instrument to adapt to demographic and life-style changes with more immediacy and flexibility.

By making use of the in between gaps in time and space in the planning of new neighborhoods for transient settlements, temporality becomes an instrument both to lesson the pressure on the housing market, as well as to answer to issues of community building and social cohesion in new neighborhoods.

 

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